Engaging children with artists who look like them, have similar experiences, and come from similar backgrounds is a great source of inspiration and empowerment. By reflecting their own identities, experiences and motivations (mirrors) and also providing insight into the identities, experiences and motivations of others (windows) can move students toward more nuanced perceptions of the world around them (sliding glass doors).* Discover new BIPOC artists to add to your curriculum.
*Source: By Rudine Sims Bishop, The Ohio State University. "Mirrors, Windows, and Sliding Glass Doors"
Pacific Islander & SouthEast Asian Artists
Artists have many layered identities and art educators need to present them as such.
Representing diverse artists in your curriculum is only part of an Anti-Bias, Anti-Racist curriculum. It needs to be more than a symbolic effort and art educators need to take into account intersectionality when introducing these artists to students. How do aspects of an artists’ social and political identities (ex. gender, sex, race, class, sexuality, religion, ability, physical appearance, etc.) intersect within their work?
In addition, we recognize that race is socially constructed and it is impossible to put humans in clearly defined categories by race. Racial identity is deeply personal, and artists within any given subgroup define themselves differently. Race, ethnicity, and nationality are all factors artist's individually consider as their personal identity. However, as mentioned previously that is not all that there is to their identity. We know that artists have many layered identities and art educators need to do the research to present them as such. These groupings are not perfect, as humans are not meant to be divided into boxes. We hope this resource can help art educators identify who is missing from their curriculum in order to create a curriculum more representative of the incredible diversity among students and artists today.
Aboriginal: inhabiting or existing in a land from the earliest times or from before the arrival of colonists.
Pacific Islanders, or Pasifika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands. It is a geographic and ethnic/racial term to describe the inhabitants and diaspora of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. It is not used to describe non-indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The Pacific islands consist of three main regions:
Polynesia: The islands are scattered across a triangle covering the east-central region of the Pacific Ocean.
The triangle is bound by the Hawaiian Islands in the north, New Zealand in the west, and Easter Island in
the east. The rest of Polynesia includes the Samoan islands (American Samoa and Western Samoa), the
Cook Islands, French Polynesia (Tahiti and The Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, Austral Islands, and
the Tuamotu Archipelago), Niue Island, Tokelau and Tuvalu, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, Rotuma Island,
Pitcairn Island, Nukuoro, and Kapingamarangi.
Melanesia: The island of New Guinea, the Bismarck and Louisiade archipelagos, the Admiralty Islands,
Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea, Western New Guinea (part of Indonesia), Aru Islands, the
Solomon Islands, the Santa Cruz Islands (part of the Solomon Islands), New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands,
Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides), Fiji, Norfolk Island and various smaller islands.
Micronesia: Kiribati, Nauru, the Marianas (Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands),
the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau, and the Federated States of Micronesia (Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei,
and Kosrae, all in the Caroline Islands).
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions that are geographically south of China, east of the Indian subcontinent and north-west of Australia. In contemporary definition, Southeast Asia consists of two geographic regions:
Mainland Southeast Asia, also known historically as Indochina, comprising Cambodia, Laos,
Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam.
Maritime Southeast Asia, also known historically as Nusantara, the East Indies, or the Malay
Archipelago, comprising the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India), Ashmore and Cartier Islands
(Australia), Brunei, Christmas Island (Australia), the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia), East Malaysia,
East Timor, Indonesia (except Western New Guinea, which is considered a part of the Oceania), the
Philippines and Singapore.